Standard Features on Heavy-Duty Bench Lathe Systems
The precision headstock provides programmable and controllable rotation for part welding. The headstock features a manual 3-jaw chuck for holding the OD of parts up to 6 in (152 mm). The speed is controllable from 0 to 20 RPM.
A pneumatic slide is included for horizontal motion of the torch. When activated, the slide quickly moves the torch towards and away from the centerline of the lathe. This motion can be programmed into the weld schedule to facilitate part loading and unloading, or controlled manually.
The vertical torch motion is provided by a precision motorized slide. The vertical motion is programmable for torch retraction after the weld to aid in part loading and unloading, and height adjustments for multi-pass welds.
The tailstock features pneumatic clamping to help hold the two pieces of the part in place during welding. The clamping is performed by a pneumatic cylinder that extends the tailstock horizontally towards the headstock to apply pressure to the two halves of the part being welded. The tailstock includes a faceplate with four tooling slots to provide mounting for tooling such as manual chucks or specialized fixtures.
Precision rails are included for both the tailstock and torch tower motion to ensure smooth and accurate positioning along the length of the lathe. These axes also include cable carriers to protect and organize the hoses and cables of the system.
The lathe includes a workstation that provides a mounting location for the lathe assembly as well as the weld equipment. The welding power supply and other equipment are mounted beneath the workstation tabletop to provide a complete system that can easily be moved with a forklift. Only 1 pneumatic hose, 1 gas line, and 1 power circuit are required for this system to operate.
Optional Features on Heavy-Duty Bench Lathe Systems
Offline Programming Software
Weld programs can be created, modified, or stored on a PC. These programs can be moved back and forth between the controller and the PC using a USB storage device or through an Ethernet connection. This software can increase productivity by allowing programs to be created/edited while the weld controller is executing another weld program.
Manual Chuck for Tailstock
A manual chuck and an adapter plate are added to the tailstock faceplate to provide manual part gripping/holding on both ends of the lathe. The tailstock would still be equipped with the same amount of longitudinal clamping capacity.
Arc Viewing Camera
Arc Viewing Cameras can be added to a GTAW/PAW system giving the operator a view of the weld arc from a remote location. This keeps the operator in a safe location and reduces operator stress and fatigue. Additionally the image that is shown on the monitor is magnified and shows greater detail than what could be observed without the camera. Multiple cameras may be integrated for projects where a view of the lead and trail side of the weld zone is required. Please see the Arc Viewing Camera page for additional information.
Data Acquisition and Tolerance Checking Software
Data is collected and analyzed in real-time to ensure all modules are within the set tolerances. The data points can be displayed graphically on the display and can also be exported as a .csv file and viewed on a program such as Microsoft Excel. These files can be exported through one of the USB or Ethernet ports on the XM or XPro Controller.
AVC for GTAW/PAW System
An AVC (Arc Voltage Control) Module is added to provide the weld head with automatic arc standoff. The module provides automatic height adjustments to maintain a consistent arc voltage throughout the entire weld, including automatic adjustments on multi-pass welds.
Synchronized Headstock and Tailstock
This feature adds synchronized rotation between the headstock and the tailstock, so rotation begins simultaneously and then continues at the same speed. The advantage of this feature is that AMET does not link them mechanically but electronically. Each one is servo motor controlled with encoder feedback, so they can be clocked to different positions. This is beneficial if one end of the part is required to be welded at a 90 (or any other) degree offset of the other end.
We integrate components into our controls for automating additional functions other than the welding process. These components include safety equipment such as automatic weld screens or curtains that are programmable to automatically open and close at the end or beginning of each weld. We can also integrate additional tooling such as automated part loading equipment.
Multiple Process Weld Head
Our advanced controls allow us to integrate multiple weld processes into one weld head. Each process can be operated independently or simultaneously. For example, a TIG & Plasma weld head would feature two AVC axes (one for each torch) and either torch could operate or they can both operate simultaneously for Keyhole Plasma with a TIG trail. We offer TIG & Plasma, TIG & MIG, TIG MIG & Plasma, and SAW & MIG. Any of these combinations are available and would be completely programmable from ONE central controller. Other combinations are also available. Please contact us with any requests.
Virtual Alignment (Teaching Mode)
The operator can “teach” a weld path by manually moving the weld torch along the seam and selecting points. Up to 20 points can be selected to create a circumferential, longitudinal, or combination weld path. After all of the desired points are selected, the system will retrace each one to create a custom weld path. This can be helpful if parts or materials vary or have unique joint configurations. The path can be repeated for multiple pass welds, or offsets can be applied to repeat the motions of the original path in a new location.
Integrated ID Purge/Backing Gas
The headstock includes a thru hole for the inclusion of an additional gas line for backing gas or a purge system. This package includes a gas union, digital solenoid, manual flow meter, and a gas line from the solenoid to the gas union. The digital solenoid is integrated with the XM for programmable and manual on/off control of the gas.
A precision servo motor driven ball screw slide with encoder feedback provides mechanical oscillation. The oscillation motion is completely programmable including dwell time, oscillation frequency and width, and travel speed.
Magnetic probe is used to deflect the arc back and forth in a stirring motion for excellent sidewall tie in. The arc can also be deflected and maintained in a set position. This can be beneficial for fillet or otherwise hard-to-reach joints. Dwell time, oscillation frequency, and width are all programmable from AMET controls. Compatible with both magnetic and non-magnetic materials.
Spiral Path and Step-Index Cladding
The vertical or horizontal axis is integrated with the rotary axis to provide precise cladding motion. We offer both Spiral Path, and Step-Index cladding options. Spiral welds begin at the bottom of the part and spiral upward until the defined height is reached. Step-Index clads in a straight line for each revolution of the part. After each revolution is completed, the torch steps upward and begins the next pass. The pitch of the spiral and the step height are programmable.
Bar Code Program Selection
Weld programs can be automatically selected by scanning a bar code associated with a specific part. This can help eliminate the incorrect program being loaded and run. Beneficial if many different parts are to be welded and operator needs to frequently switch between weld programs. Includes the bar code scanner and the necessary software to integrate with the XM or XPro Controller.
End Uses For Heavy-Duty Bench Lathe Systems
Steel Hose Manufacturing
AMET has helped clients automate their welding processes for steel hose manufacturing. Seam welding is an efficient way of producing custom tubing from thin wall steel and stainless steel for use in a wide range of industrial and exhaust applications. Once welded, the tube may be outfitted with specialized end fittings or hydroformed into corrugated tube for flexible connections.
Precision engine components for the aerospace industry have tight tolerances and strict quality control. Precision motion and repeatability are essential when manufacturing these components. AMET's servo controlled axes of motion are well-suited to meet such stringent requirements.
AMET's automated welding systems offer several options for welding pipe fittings such as tees, elbows, and flanges with butt or socket joint configurations.
Cylinders used for pressurized air storage such as air compressors, portable air tanks, and truck brakes. Manufacturing of these cylinders requires longitudinal and circumferential welds.
Circumferential welds are necessary to join the cylinder and the end cap fixture. AMET's lathes are ideal for welding hydraulic components like these because they can be set up to accommodate a wide range of weld processes and cylinder sizes.
ID and OD pipe cladding are available on our systems. We offer spiral and step-index cladding to fulfill the needs of most applications.